Today S&P released their SPIVA US Scorecard through the end of 2016. For the first time ever, the SPIVA Scorecard, which presents data on what percentage of actively managed funds beat their benchmark, had data for the trailing 15 year period. As implied by the headline, things didn’t look good (at all) for the actively managed funds (And Thats Putting It Nicely).
Over the course of the trailing 15 year period, the best performers among the active bunch were Large Cap Value Funds, in which just shy of 32% of them were able to bear the benchmark S&P 500 Value Index. The worst performing category of active funds was Small Cap Growth, in which the benchmark S&P SmallCap 600 Growth index beat nearly 100% of them. To make things even worse, once you consider the tax impact of the active funds, the passive indexes would beat even more of the funds.
What the SPIVA Scorecard, fails to reflect however, is that you can select mutual funds that have characteristics which make them likely to outperform. Mutual funds with lower expense ratios and/or funds with manager investment beyond $1 million, can increase your chances of selecting a mutual fund that will out perform.
Admittedly, while you can filter funds down to increase your odds of out-performance, the evidence is clear, it is very hard and extremely unlikely for any active manager to beat the market over a full market cycle. Statistically speaking you’re better off in an index fund portfolio through Betterment. But if you’re insistent on gambling with mutual funds, my ‘Guide to Selecting Alpha Mutual Funds‘, is a must read.
Random mutual fund portfolios test from Betterment.
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